Prince Philip was the Duke of Edinburgh and was married to Queen Elizabeth II for more than 70 years. The Queen’s husband sadly passed away at the age of 99 last week on Friday, April 9, at Windsor Castle. The couple met in 1934, and got married on November 20 1947 at Westminster Abbey.
The Queen and Prince Philip’s marriage is the longest of any British sovereign, with the Queen being the longest serving monarch in the UK.
The Queen surpassed her great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria’s long reign in 2015.
When a member of the Royal Family dies, there is a formal process to be followed.
Although of course the Queen grieved for her loss in her own way, and will continue to do so, the royal entered an official mourning period of eight days when her husband died.
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The initial formal mourning period means that no laws will be given the Royal Assent, and affairs of state will be put on hold as a sign of respect.
As soon as the death was confirmed, members of the Royal Family and representatives of the Royal Family would have been expected to wear black or dark colours and mourning bands, according to tradition.
Once the funeral has passed, the Queen will continue to mourn in private, but she will resume her royal duties from behind closed doors.
However, the full period of mourning for the Royal Family will continue for a further 30 days.
It is only after this time that the Queen will make a full return to public life and duties.
The sad time was also mourned nationwide by the public, with an official national mourning period between Prince Philip’s death and the funeral.
Flags were lowered to half-mast to mark the passing of the Duke of Edinburgh, with the exception of the Royal Standard flag above Buckingham Palace.
The flag represents the monarchy and is never lowered even in the event of a royal death.
Government ministers also showed their respects for the late Prince Philip.
Members of Parliament wore black armbands on their left arm as part of the mourning period, while men will also wore black ties.
Despite the sombre time, social engagements were cancelled, but official engagements still went ahead for some royals.
The Queen returned to royal duties just four days after the death of her husband, holding a ceremony on Tuesday for the retirement of her household’s most senior official, the Lord Chamberlain.
Previous monarchs have also mourned in their own ways, not necessarily following the traditional time period to grieve for their spouse.
For example, when Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert, passed away in December 1861, the Queen remained in seclusion for years, not even appearing for the opening of Parliament.
There will be a nationwide minute’s silence at 3pm today to pay tribute to the Duke of Edinburgh.
The deaths of both George VI and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother were marked by a national two minute silence on the days of their funerals.
The funeral of Prince Philip will take place today at 3pm at St George’s Chapel, Windsor.